ROKOK ELEKTRONIK DAN SILANG SENGKARUT KOMUNIKASI

Istiqomatul Hayati, Reza Helmi, Eka Wenats Wuryanta

Abstract


E-cigarette consumption increases as smoke-free campaigns worldwide. Some consider the consumption of e-cigarettes is a healthy way to quit smoking. E-cigarettes are considered to help eliminate smoking habit. In fact, quitting smoking cannot be replaced with e-cigarette. Because, in vape there are glycerin, nicotine, and seasoning placed in the cartridge. Honestdoc writes the glycerin or propylene propylene to produce moisture. In effect, an electronic smoker will be irritated to a person's filtration channel. The purpose of this research is to see how Tempo.co and Kompas write news about the difference of communication in the Ministry of Trade and the Ministry of Health who have not published rules regarding the restriction or prohibition of electronic cigarette. Critical discourse analysis used to dissect government communication about electronic cigarette consumption, which isn’t in line, such as written Kompas.com and Tempo.co from the start of this issue revolving until now. Both media shows, the government's plainness to publish rules regarding the restriction or prohibition e-cigarettes due to confusion to health of people or save investments. Consequently, until now, there isn’t clear regulation about this. Regulations are limited to the new imposition of excise imposed on July 1st 2018.


Keywords


electronic cigarette; restriction; banning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ariefana, P. (2019, November 21). Menkes Tak Mau Komentari Vape: Belum Ada Aturannya. Retrieved from Suara.com: https://www.suara.com/news/2019/11/22/095111/menkes-tak-mau-komentari-vape-belum-ada-aturannya

Balkisson, R. (2019). Electronic Cigaettes and Vaping as a Harm Reduction Alternativel Really? Journal of the COPD Foundation, 281–291. doi:10.15326/jcopdf.6.3.2019.0143

Belluz, J. (2019, 11 22). Vaping is still safer than smoking. That message is getting dangerously muddled. Retrieved from Vox: https://www.vox.com/2019/11/22/20977418/vaping-lung-disease-ban-public-health

Budiardjo, M. (2001). Dasar-dasar Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Damayanti, A. (2016). Penggunaan Rokok Elektronik di Komunitas Personal Vaporizer Surabaya. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 250-261. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jbe.V4I22016.250-261

DC, L., A, N., & PR, E. (2014). Electronic Cigarettes: Vaping has Unproven Benefits and Potential Harm. Official Joural of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology, 945-947. doi:10.1111/resp.12374

Dinardo, P., & Rome, E. S. (2019). Vaping: The new wave of nicotine addiction. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 789-798. doi:https://doi.org/10.3949/ccjm.86a.19118

Direktorat Pengawasan Narkotika, Psikotropika, dan Zat Adiktif . (2015). Kajian tentang Rokok Elektronik di Indonesia. Jakarta : Badan POM RI.

Dzulfaroh, A. N. (2019, September 20). Di 9 Negara Ini, Vape Dilarang! Retrieved Januari 14, 2020, from Kompas: https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2019/09/20/165610565/di-9-negara-ini-vape-dilarang?page=all

Eriyanto. (2001). Analisis Wacana Pengantar Analisis Media. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Fairclough, N. (1998). Discourse Representation in Media Discourse. New York: Longman.

Farsalinos, K. E., Gillman, G., Poulas, K., & Voudris, V. (2015). Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines in Electronic Cigarettes: Comparison between Liquid and Aerosol Levels. International Journal Environmental Research and Public Health, 9046–9053. doi:doi:10.3390/ijerph120809046

Fauzi, A. (2017, November 18). Ini Syarat Mendag agar Rokok Elektrik Bisa Beredar di Indonesia. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://ekonomi.kompas.com/read/2017/11/18/160800126/ini-syarat-mendag-agar-rokok-elektrik-bisa-beredar-di-indonesia

Fauzi, A. (2017, 11 18). Ini Syarat Mendag Agar Rokok Elektrik Bisa Beredar di Indonesia. Retrieved from Kompas: https://ekonomi.kompas.com/read/2017/11/18/160800126/ini-syarat-mendag-agar-rokok-elektrik-bisa-beredar-di-indonesia

Fauzi, A., & Djumena, E. (2017, November 18). Ini Syarat Mendag agar Rokok Elektrik Bisa Beredar di Indonesia. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://ekonomi.kompas.com/read/2017/11/18/160800126/ini-syarat-mendag-agar-rokok-elektrik-bisa-beredar-di-indonesia

Fauzia, M. (2019, Maret 22). Pengguna Rokok Elektrik Bertambah Pemerintah Berharap Bisa Kutip Cukai Rp 2 T. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://money.kompas.com/read/2019/03/22/190900026/pengguna-rokok-elektrik-bertambah-pemerintah-berharap-bisa-kutip-cukai-rp-2-t

Fauzia, M. (2019, Juni 26). San Fransisco Jadi Kota Pertama di AS yang Larang Penjualan Rokok Elektrik. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://money.kompas.com/read/2019/06/26/211400226/san-fransisco-jadi-kota-pertama-di-as-yang-larang-penjualan-rokok-elektrik

Florentin, V. (2018, Januari 27). Asosiasi Vape Minta Tarif Cukai Rokok Elektrik Diturunkan. Retrieved from Tempo.co: https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1054689/asosiasi-vape-minta-tarif-cukai-rokok-elektrik-diturunkan

Haryatmoko. (2016). Critical Discourse Analysis (Analisis Wacana Kritis) Landasan Teori Metodologi dan Penerapan. In Haryatmoko, Critical Discourse Analysis (Analisis Wacana Kritis) Landasan Teori, Metodologi dan Penerapan (p. 24). Jakarta : Rajawali Press.

Hastan, A. A., & Azeharie, S. S. (2019). Vaping Sebagai Bagian Dari Budaya Populer (Studi Gaya Hidup pada Perempuan Berhijab Pengguna Vape di Komunitas @hijabvapersindonesia). Koneksi, 226-232. doi:10.24912/kn.v2i2.3889

Hayati, I. (2019, Juni 25). Ada Narkoba di Dalam Rokok Elektronik. Retrieved from Tempo.co: https://gaya.tempo.co/read/1218178/ada-narkoba-di-dalam-rokok-elektronik/full&view=ok

Hayati, I. (2019, November 22). Pemerintah Seharusnya Larang Rokok Elektronik. Retrieved from Tempo.co: https://gaya.tempo.co/read/1275554/pemerintah-seharusnya-larang-rokok-elektronik

Hidayat, A. (2019, 03 22). Jumlah Pengguna Rokok Elektrik Diprediksi Bertambah 1 Juta Orang Tahun Ini. Retrieved from Kontan : https://industri.kontan.co.id/news/jumlah-pengguna-rokok-elektrik-diprediksi-bertambah-satu-juta-orang-tahun-ini

Honestdocs Editorial Team. (2019, 12 20). Kandungan Vape dan Dampaknya pada Tubuh. Retrieved from Honestdocs: https://www.honestdocs.id/kandungan-vape-dan-dampaknya-pada-tubuh

Ihsanuddin. (2019, 11 21). Menkes Siap Tampung Aspirasi Publik soal Pro-Kontra Rokok Elektrik. Retrieved Desember 23, 2019, from Kompas: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/11/21/22183581/menkes-siap-tampung-aspirasi-publik-soal-pro-kontra-rokok-elektrik

International, P. M. (2018). Sustainability Report 2018. New York: Phillip Morris International .

Irianto, R. P. (2019, Oktober 5). Kemenkes Setop Vape sampai Dinyatakan Aman. Retrieved from Mediaindonesia.com: https://mediaindonesia.com/read/detail/263590-kemenkes-setop-vape-sampai-dinyatakan-aman

Irianto, R. P. (2019, Oktober 5). Kemenkes: Setop Vape Sampai Dinyatakan Aman. Retrieved from Mediaindonesia.com: https://mediaindonesia.com/read/detail/263590-kemenkes-setop-vape-sampai-dinyatakan-aman

Irianto, R. P. (2019, September 18). Menkes Nilai Penggunaan Vape Dapat Merusak Kesehatan. Retrieved from Mediaindonesia.com: https://mediaindonesia.com/read/detail/260230-menkes-nilai-penggunaan-vape-dapat-merusak-kesehatan

Jørgensen, M., & Phillips, L. J. (2002). Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method. Roskilde: Sage Publications.

Kresna, M. (2018, April 9). Di Balik Alasan IDI Memecat Dokter Terawan. Retrieved from Tirto: https://tirto.id/di-balik-alasan-idi-memecat-dokter-terawan-cHrA

Lam, C., & West, A. (2015). Are electronic nicotine delivery systems an effective smoking cessation tool? Canadian Journal of Respiratory Theraphy, 93-98.

Langley, T., Bell-Williams, R., Pattinson, J., Britton, J., & Bains, M. (2019). ‘I Felt Welcomed in Like They’re a Little Family in There, I Felt Like I Was Joining a Team or Something’: Vape Shop Customers’ Experiences of E-Cigarette Use, Vape Shops and the Vaping Community. Environmental Research and Public Health. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132341

Mouhamad, B. (2019, Oktober 29). Jebakan Rokok Elektronik. Retrieved Januari 9, 2020, from Detik: https://news.detik.com/kolom/d-4764140/jebakan-rokok-elektronik

Mulin, G. (2019, Agustus 30). Vape Horror Teen Left in Coma After Developing Lung DIsease from Vaping Everyday for Three Years. Retrieved Januari 6, 2020, from The Sun: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/9826814/teen-coma-lung-disease-vaping/

Nayir, E., Karacabey, B., Kirca, O., & Ozdogan, M. (2016). Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette). Journal of Oncological Science, 16-20. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jons.2016.04.001

Orlan, E. N., Parascandola, M., & Grana, R. (2019). JUUL from the USA to Indonesia: implications for expansion to LMICs. Tobacco Control. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-054979

Palazzolo, D. (2013). Electronic Cigarettes and Vaping: A New Challenge in Clinical Medicine and Public Health. A Literature Review. Frontiers in Public Health, 2-20. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2013.00056

Palmer, A., & Brandon, T. (2018). How do electronic cigarettes affect cravings to smoke or vape? Parsing the influences of nicotine and expectancies using the balanced-placebo design. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 486-491. doi:https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000303

Pepper, J. K., & Brewer, N. T. (2013). Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review. Tobacco Control, 375-384. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051122

Perikleous, E. P., Steiropoulos, P., Paraskakis, E., Constantinidis, T. C., & Nena, E. (2018). E-Cigarette Use Among Adolescents: An Overview of the Literature and Future Perspectives. Frontiers in Public Health, 1-9. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2018.00086

Phillips, M. J. (2007). Analisis Wacana Teori. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Phillips, M. W. (2007). Analisis Wacana Teori & Metode. In M. W. Phillips, Analisis Wacana Teori & Metode (p. 126). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Prochaska, J. J. (2015). Nicotine Replacement Therapy as a Maintenance Treatment. JAMA, 718-719. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7460

Qasim, H., Karim, Z. A., Rivera, J. O., Khasawneh, F. T., & Alshbool, F. Z. (2017). Impact of Electronic Cigarettes on the Cardiovascular System. Journal of the American Heart Association, 125-139. doi:https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.117.006353

Rachman, F. F. (2017, November 6). Mendag Mulai Awasi Peredaran Rokok Elektrik. Retrieved Januari 6, 2020, from Detik: https://finance.detik.com/industri/d-3715715/mendag-mulai-awasi-peredaran-rokok-elektrik

Rahayu, A. C. (2019, November 10). Kemenko PMK: Regulasi Vape Ditargetkan Rampung Akhir 2020 . Retrieved from Kontan : https://nasional.kontan.co.id/news/kemenko-pmk-regulasi-vape-ditargetkan-rampung-akhir-2020

Rahmanto, B. T., & Juwitara, T. (2019). Faktor Psikologi dan Keputusan Pembelian Rokok Elektrik (vape). Jurnal Manajemen dan Akuntansi, 144-151. doi:https://doi.org/10.32534/jv.v14i1.727

Redaksi. (2017, November 1). Mendag Akan Larang Peredaran Rokok Elektronik. Retrieved Januari 10, 2020, from Kumparan: https://kumparan.com/kumparanbisnis/mendag-akan-larang-peredaran-rokok-elektrik

Reinikovaite, V., Rodriguez, I. E., Karoor, V., Rau, A., Trinh, B. B., Deleyiannis, F. W.-B., & Stewart, L. T. (2018). The effects of electronic cigarette vapour on the lung: direct comparison to tobacco smoke. European Respiratory Journal. doi:https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01661-2017

Reni Susanti, G. K. (2020, Januari 17). Menyelisik Pro Kontra Dampak Vape untuk Kesehatan. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://lifestyle.kompas.com/read/2020/01/17/144701220/menyelisik-pro-kontra-dampak-vape-untuk-kesehatan?page=all

Sawaya, M. (2019, Januari 25). Dangers of Devective E-Ciggaretes: Why do Vape Pens Explode? Retrieved Januari 6, 2020, from the Sawaya Law Firm: https://www.sawayalaw.com/blog/vape-pens-explosions/

Soerojo, W. (2019). Benarkah Industri Rokok Sudah Berbalik Arah Menuju Dunia Bebas Melalui Pesan Bebas Asap Rokok? IAKMI/SEATCA Press Briefing (p. 16). Jakarta: IAKMI/SEATCA.

Stein, L. (2019, November 18). Philip Morris Kicks off International Effort to Promote a Smoke-Free Future. Retrieved Januari 14, 2020, from Campaignlive.co.uk: https://www.campaignlive.co.uk/article/philip-morris-kicks-off-international-effort-promote-smoke-free-future/1666103

Sukmana, Y. (2018, 01 27). Industri Vape: Kenapa Industri Rokok Meski Takut? Kami Bukan Musuh.. Retrieved from Kompas: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/01/27/18444151/industri-vape-kenapa-industri-rokok-meski-takut-kami-bukan-musuh

Team Direktorat Pengawasan Narkotika, P. d. (2015). Kajian Tentang Rokok Elektronik di Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan POM.

Thurtle, N., Abouchedid, R., Archer, J., Ho, J., Yamamoto, T., Dargan, P., & Wood, D. (2016). Prevalence of Use of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) to Vape Recreational Drugs by Club Patrons in South London. Journal of Medical Toxicology, 61-65. doi:10.1007/s13181-016-0583-3

Tim, C. I. (2019, 11 12). Negara-negara di Dunia yang Melarang Vape. Retrieved from CNN Indonesia: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20191112115450-255-447584/negara-negara-di-dunia-yang-melarang-vape

V, B. (2014). Electronic cigarettes and history. The Lancet, 2204-2205. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61074-6

Widiani, R. (2018, 12 23). Siapakah Kelompok Remaja Pengguna Vape di Indonesia? Retrieved from Detikhealth: https://health.detik.com/berita-detikhealth/d-4356084/siapakah-kelompok-remaja-pengguna-vape-di-indonesia

Widiyarti, Y. (2019, September 24). Perlunya Ketegasan Pemerintah dalam Mengatur Rokok Elektronik. Retrieved from Tempo.co: https://gaya.tempo.co/read/1251974/perlunya-ketegasan-pemerintah-dalam-mengatur-rokok-elektronik/full&view=ok

Yayuk Widiarti, B. I. (2020, Maret 1). Mengenal Macam Rokok Elektrik Semua Sama Berbahaya. Retrieved from Tempo.co: https://gaya.tempo.co/read/1314145/mengenal-macam-rokok-elektrik-semua-sama-berbahaya




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32509/wacana.v19i1.1036

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

 

 

  

 
 

Indexed by:

   

 



WACANA: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Komunikasi

Fakultas Ilmu KomunikasiUniversitas Prof. Dr. Moestopo (Beragama)
Kampus I, Jl. Hang Lekir I/8 Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia 10270
WA: 085714422271 (Chat Only)

Telepon: 021-7261433, 021-7252685
email: wacana@dsn.moestopo.ac.id